The Quartier Latin, located on the left (south) bank of the Seine, got its name because Latin only was used once in classes in the neighbourhood at the medieval institutes of higher education and the universities like the Sorbonne. Today, there are still many students around but it is also an area that is brimming with historical monuments.
There is the Pantheon as well, a wonderful neo-classical building located on Montagne Sainte Geneviève, where many of the Great and the Good of France are buried. Then there is the Luxembourg Palace, where the French Senate resides, built by Queen Marie de Medici and with it, the large park, the Jardin du Luxembourg, a popular spot in summer. There is also the magnificent Church of Notre-Dame du Val-de-Grâce, in classic French Baroque style.
Also worth seeing: the Arena of Lutetia in the Rue Monge, built in 1st century; the Lycée Henri IV which has inherited some buildings from the former Sainte Genevieve Abbey, founded by Clovis in 502; the Sainte Genevieve Library, a listed building; the Moorish style Great Mosque of Paris, the oldest mosque in France; the Natural History Museum; the Zadkine Museum in his former studio, which has many of the Russian sculptor’s works.